How do you get these infections?
- Unprotected sex (without condoms)
- Skin to skin contact
- Not using of condoms properly
- Sharing sex toys
- Touching / kissing infected genitals or areas
- You can be infected anywhere: anus, vagina, penis, eyes, nose, mouth, throat by contact with infected semen (cum), vaginal / anal mucus, bloods.
You don't just get these infections by sexual activities. Other causes include:
- Intravenous drug use / sharing of equipment
- Blood transfusions (rare in this country)
- Mother to child
- Biting - breaking skin (by an infected person)
- Needle injuries (accidentally pricking yourself with a used needle from someone else with an infection).
Preventing an STI is fairly simple:
- Condoms will protect from pregnancy and most STIs - when used right! So register with the C-Card scheme today!
- Reduce the amount of partners you are having sex with
- Have regular sexual health checks
- Don't share drug equipment
- Keep using condoms if you havent had an STI check, even if you are using other forms of contraception (if you are heterosexual or bisexual) .
You can find out more informaiton from the NHS Choices website.